Troling is one of the oldest and most popular techniques. Practiced throughout the world, both at sea and in fresh water, it consists of leaving lures trailing behind his boat in perpetual movement. Sometimes, some fishermen use up to 10 lines at a time to increase their chances. In addition, trolling has the advantage of being able to prospect over long distances: it promises beautiful and many catches !
However, if the basic principle remains unchanged, the material and the type of troll must be systematically adapted to the fish sought. Light train, heavy train, in stand-up, with the cane or the hand: to each its assets !

How fast should you be trolling ?

Whatever your embarkation is, the speed of the boat has to be constant, the engine can not be cut. Depending on if the water is calm or agitated, trolling is practiced from 2 to 10 knots.

How far should you troll ?

In general, the correct trolling distance is around 80 m. But always depending on the sea, it can be increased to 100 m in agitation, or reduced to 60 m in case of lull as well as in fresh water.

Which species can you expect to catch while trolling ?

Bass - mackerel - pompano - whiting - bonito - blue ling - pollock - swordfish - sailfish - marlin - barracuda - dorado dolphinfish - grouper - carangue - thazard - tuna - bonito - mahi-mahi

What equipment do you need for trolling ?

As mentioned above, the choice of the material will very often depend on the fish you covet. It must be adapted to your goals.

• Echo sounder
It allows to follow the structures of the bottom in order to determine the most suitable posts (generally the falls and wrecks).

• Cane and reel
For a light train, you can start with a rod of 20 lbs and reach 130 lbs for a heavy train. On average, a rod is used in 50 lbs with a rotating drum or fixed drum reel.

• Wires
The wires are made of nylon and preferably of relatively large diameters. The bottom of the lines, for their part, can be nylon, polyamide, steel or fluorocarbon.

• Accessories
The bubble to hold the lure on the surface; The downrigger to reach great depths; The surface dinghy to drive the line out of the wake; The Japanese plank rising to the surface during a catch; The paravane to go down the line and even more accessories are available to facilitate your success !

• Lures
Fish (sardine, mackerel, bonito etc.) - squid - pork rind - crankbaits (rapala type) - undulating and hammered spoons - feather trains - flexible plastic lures etc.

List of species for this type of fishing
Kelp bass or Calico bass

Kelp bass (paralabrax clathratus), also commonly called calico bass, which is found along the Atlantic coast of North America from Baja California (Mexico) to Washington (US).

Striped bass

Striped bass (morone saxatilis) is a fish of the Moronidae family found along the Atlantic coast of North America.

Greater Amberjack

Greater amberjack (seriola dumerili) is found in the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the Indian coasts. This fast-swimming pelagic fish is a very prized species during sport fishing games.


Swordfish (xiphias gladius) is a highly migratory pelagic fish considered as one of the fastest sea animals. It tends to be large and its weight often exceeds 100 kg. It can be distinguished thanks to its long bill and its iridescent blue body. Most of sport fishermen feel really proud to catch swordfishes on their lines.


Tuna is a popular and prized fish during recreative fishing games. Here is some useful information about Bigeye and Yellowfin if you want to fish in the Atlantic or Pacific Ocean.


Wahoo (acanthocybium solandri) is a scombrid fish you can find in all tropical and subtropical seas. It is also known as “peto” in many Hispanic areas of the Caribbean and in Central America. A lot of sports fishermen make it a prize game fish because of its speed and high-quality flesh

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